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Chinesische Heilkräuter, Lindera. Rd.

Lindera, Rd. – WU YAO

Lindera-energiedynamik

Lindera, Rd. – WU YAO

Dosis: 15g/Tag

Das Wirkprofil von Lindera ähnelt demjenigen vieler wie man in der westlichen Phytotherapie sagen würde „blutreinigender“ Kräuter. Traditionell chinesisch ist die „entschleimende“ Wirkung gemeint.
Diese Mittel stimulieren die Zellen dazu, vermehrt toxische Stoffwechselendprodukte abzubauen und helfen so, durch diese hervorgerufene Schäden zu heilen.
So wirkt Lindera gut beim Metabolischen Syndrom, bei Krebs und neurodegenerativen Krankheiten, Allergien, Arthritis und allgemein zur Verlangsamung des Alterungsprozesses, da dieser durch fortschreitende Ablagerung von Oxydationsstoffen bedingt und bescheunigt wird.

  1. Metabolisches Syndrom

1.1.      Diabetes

An ethanolic extract of Lindera obtusiloba stems, YJP-14, improves endothelial dysfunction, metabolic parameters and physical performance in diabetic db/db mice.

Thus, the present findings indicate that LOE has a beneficial effect on the vascular system in db/db mice by improving endothelium-dependent relaxations and vascular oxidative stress most likely by normalizing the angiotensin system, and also on metabolic parameters, and these effects are associated with an enhanced physical exercise capacity.

Water extract of the root of Lindera strychnifolia slows down the progression of diabetic nephropathy in db/db mice
Kidneys of the LR extract-treated group showed glomeruli with greater area and cell population, smaller glomerular sclerotic index, and less fibrosis in glomeruli, where apoptotic rate of glomerular cells were decreased compared with the control kidneys. Furthermore, renal TGF-beta(1) expression was decreased in the LR extract-treated group. These findings suggest that the LR therapy can be a novel therapeutic approach against diabetic nephropathy.

1.2.      Hypertonie

An ethanolic extract of Lindera obtusiloba stems, YJP-14, improves endothelial dysfunction, metabolic parameters and physical performance in diabetic db/db mice.

The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity was reduced in the LOE group compared to that in the control db/db group. LOE also inhibited the activity of purified ACE, COX-1 and COX-2 in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, LOE improved physical exercise capacity

An ethanolic extract of Lindera obtusiloba stems causes NO-mediated endothelium-dependent relaxations in rat aortic rings and prevents angiotensin II-induced hypertension and endothelial dysfunction in rats.

Intake of LOE prevented the angiotensin II-induced increase in systolic blood pressure, and endothelial dysfunction to acetylcholine and oxidative stress as assessed using dihydroethidine in aortic rings. The present findings indicate that LOE has vasoprotective and antihypertensive properties most likely by stimulating the endothelial formation of NO and inhibiting oxidative stress.

– Treatment with Lindera strychnifolia reduces blood pressure by decreasing sympathetic nerve activity in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

Plasma noradrenaline levels were significantly decreased in Lindera-treated SHR group compared to the SHR group. These results suggest that Lindera strychnifolia has an anti-hypertensive effect and improves cardiac function in spontaneous hypertensive rats. These effects may be related to the decrease in plasma noradrenaline levels by Lindera strychnifolia.

1.3.      Adipositas

Lucidone from Lindera erythrocarpa Makino fruits suppresses adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells and attenuates obesity and consequent metabolic disorders in high-fat diet C57BL/6 mice

These results provide evidence that dietary intake of lucidone alleviates high fat diet-induced obesity in C57BL/6 mice and reveals the potential of lucidone as a nutraceutical to prevent obesity and consequent metabolic disorders.

(+)-Episesamin inhibits adipogenesis and exerts anti-inflammatory effects in 3T3-L1 (pre)adipocytes by sustained Wnt signaling, down-regulation of PPARγ and induction of iNOS.

Besides interfering with adipogenesis, (+)-episesamin showed anti-inflammatory activity by counteracting the lipopolysaccharide- and tumor necrosis factor α-induced secretion of interleukin 6 by 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. In conclusion, (+)-episesamin seems to be the active drug in the L. obtusiloba extract being responsible for the inhibition of adipogenesis and, thus, should be evaluated as a novel potential complementary treatment for obesity.

  1. Allergien

A new neolignan and lignans from the stems of Lindera obtusiloba Blume and their anti-allergic inflammatory effect

The effect of compounds 1-7 on tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin(IL)-6, and their inhibitory activity of histamine release were examined using human mast cells. Among the lignans tested, compounds 1, 3, 4, 6, and 7 inhibited release of histamine from mast cells.

Phenolic glycosides from Lindera obtusiloba and their anti-allergic inflammatory activities

Our results support the notion that phenolic glycosides isolated from L. obtusiloba inhibit mast-cell-derived allergic inflammation, histamine, and proinflammatory cytokines.

  1. Hepatitis C

Lucidone suppresses hepatitis C virus replication by Nrf2-mediated heme oxygenase-1 induction

These findings suggest that lucidone could be a potential lead or supplement for the development of new anti-HCV agent in the future

  1. Krebs

5.1.      Leukämie

Kuromoji (Lindera umbellata) essential oil-induced apoptosis and differentiation in human leukemia HL-60 cells

Cells treated with KEO or linalool for 48 h showed significantly suppressed cell proliferation, with induced apoptosis. Moreover, KEO and linalool promoted cell differentiation. Treatment with KEO cells at the same dose as linalool showed an almost identical effect on HL-60 cells. These results suggest that KEO and linalool have efficacy as anticancer therapeutic products.

5.2.      Bronchialkrebs

Extracts from the roots of Lindera strychifolia induces apoptosis in lung cancer cells and prolongs survival of tumor-bearing mice

These findings suggested that the components of L. strychifolia have anticancer activity and may contribute to clinical applications in the prevention and treatment of lung cancer.

5.3.      Leberkrebs

(+)-Episesamin exerts anti-neoplastic effects in human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines via suppression of nuclear factor-kappa B and inhibition of MMP-9

Our findings show that anti-neoplastic effects of (+)-episesamin are mediated via suppressed activation of NF-κB which entails a decreased release of pro-inflammatory IL-6. In addition, (+)-episesamin inhibits MMP-9, which is strongly expressed in invasive HCC, and the production of proangiogenic VEGF. We conclude that (+)-episesamin has the potential to be further explored as a complementary treatment for HCC.

  1. Arthritis

6.1.      Rheumatische Arthritis

Norisoboldine inhibits the production of interleukin-6 in fibroblast-like synoviocytes from adjuvant arthritis rats through PKC/MAPK/NF-κB-p65/CREB pathways.

It was concluded that preventing IL-6 release from FLS might be an important mechanism for NOR displaying anti-RA property, and the action of NOR was relative to inhibition of PKC/MAPKs/p65/CREB pathways

Treatment with total alkaloids from Radix Linderae reduces inflammation and joint destruction in type II collagen-induced model for rheumatoid arthritis.

These data suggest that TARL is a potential therapeutic agent for rheumatoid arthritis that suppresses inflammation and protects joints from destruction

  1. Neurodermitis

Suppression of dust mite extract and 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene-induced atopic dermatitis by the water extract of Lindera obtusiloba

Our results showed that topical application of LOWE exerts beneficial effects in AD symptoms, suggesting that LOWE might be a candidate for the treatment of AD.

  1. Antioxcidation

Antioxidant activities of uyaku (lindera strychnifolia) leaf extract: a natural extract used in traditional medicine.

In conclusion, the Uyaku leaf hot-water extract has potent scavenging activity against reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species, and effectively inhibited lipid peroxidation. These results might contribute to understanding age-associated or free radical-related diseases induced by excess reactive oxygen and also nitrogen species.

  1. Neurodegenerative Krankheiten

Neuroprotective effect of methyl lucidone against microglia-mediated neurotoxicity.

The cell viabilities of HT-22 neurons were significantly attenuated by treatment of the conditioned media containing neurotoxic secretary molecules from LPS-stimulated microglia. However, methyl lucidone significantly blocked neuronal cell death induced by microglial conditioned media. These neuroprotective effects of methyl lucidone were also confirmed in a neuron-microglia co-culture system using EGFP-transfected B35 neuroblastoma cell line. Taken together, these results suggest that methyl lucidone may have a neuroprotective potential via inhibition of neurotoxic microglial activation implicated in neurodegeneration.

Cytoprotective effects of lindenenyl acetate isolated from Lindera strychnifolia on mouse hippocampal HT22 cells

Lindenenyl acetate, isolated by bioassay-guided fractionation of the MeOH extract of the roots of Lindera strychnifolia, showed potent neuroprotective effects on glutamate-induced neurotoxicity by inducing the expression of HO-1 and increasing the activity of HO in mouse hippocampal HT22 cells.

 

TCM

Ein Vergleich des Wirkspektrums von Lindera, wie er sich durch die Analyse wissenschaftlicher Studien ergibt, und Benskys TCM-Pharmakopoe ergibt grosse Unterschiede:
Lindera erscheint laut TCM-Quellen als Mittel bei Verdauungsbeschwerden.
Die Wirkung auf innere Krankheiten wie dem Metabolischen Syndrom, Krebs oder Allergien bleibt aussen vor.
Die 5-Elementeanalyse bildet die Energiedynamik von Lindera wie folgt ab:
Blau bedeutet :  TCM-Quellen
Grün bedeutet:  TCM-Quellen und Studien
Schwarz :            Studien
Rot:                      Studien Hauptwirkung

Zum Verständnis der Abkürzungen des Schaubildes siehe

Struktur – und Wandlungsmodell der chinesischen Medizin
http://www.chinesischemedizin.com/CMS/index.php/struktur-und-wandlungsmodell.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

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